Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2022 Oct;30(5):1407-1414. doi: 10.19746/j.cnki.issn.1009-2137.2022.05.016.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of chemotherapy combined with antivirals in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) patients and the prognostic factors.
METHODS: Forty nine patients with previously treated or treatment-nave ATLL from January 2018 to January 2021 were included in our study. The patients were divied into two groups according to whether they received antiviral treatment, twenty-seven patients were treated with chemotherapy combined with antivirals, including thirteen patients treated with recombinant interferon alpha-2b and CHOP therapy, eight patients treated with zidovudine combined with CHOP therapy, and 6 patients treated with CHOP regimen combined with interferon and zidovudine. Twenty-two patients were treated with CHOP therapy. The changes of symptom, hematological parameters, lactic dehydrogenase, β2-microglobulin, and the Ki-67 positive rate were compared between the two groups before and after treatments. The clinical efficacy of chemotherapy combined with antiviral therapy for ATLL was evaluated. The antiviral effect was assessed by detecting HTLV-1 virus copy number, and prognostic factors were analyzed.
RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 14 months. Compared with the patients treated with chemotherapy alone, the patients treated with chemotherapy combined with antivirals had lower tumor and virus loads, lower white blood cell count, lower lactate dehydrogenase level, lower β2-microglobulin lever, and lower Ki-67 positive rate (all P<0.05). The total effective rate of patients treated with chemotherapy combined with antivirals was significantly higher than those of patients treated with chemotherapy alone (63.0% vs 31.8%, P=0.035). The one-year overall survival (OS) rates of chemotherapy combined with antivirals groups and chemotherapy alone group were (74.1±2.9)％ and (40.9±2.1)％ (P=0.021), respectively. The one-year progress free survival (PFS) rates were (51.9±3.3)％ and (13.6±2.8)％ (P=0.017), respectively. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that HTLV-1 virus load (HR=7.518, 95%CI: 2.517-36.192, P=0.013) and antiviral therapy ［HR=5.617 (95%CI 1.803-11.293), P=0.027］ were independent prognostic factors for the long-term efficacy.
CONCLUSION: Addition of antivirals to chemotherapy can prolong PFS and OS in ATLL patients. HTLV-1 virus load and antiviral therapy are independent prognostic factors for ATLL patients.