Int J Dermatol. 2022 Aug 26. doi: 10.1111/ijd.16374. Online ahead of print.
This review describes and highlights differences in clinical presentations of cutaneous lymphomas (CLs), particularly in darker skin types, i.e., Skin of Color (SOC). We illustrate differences in clinical features on physical exam that can be a diagnostic challenge and suggest ways to recognize and identify these conditions at an early stage through a high level of suspicion. The review includes a summary of the epidemiology of various CLs, specifically highlighting the presentation and incidence in African American/Black patients, where the data are available. We also include a discussion of adult HTLV-1-associated T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) which, although a systemic T-cell lymphoma, may present with skin manifestations and mimic MF, other CTCL subtypes, or other inflammatory dermatoses. Finally, this review highlights the possible use of imaging modalities, such as dermoscopy and reflectance-confocal microscopy, in diagnosing and recognizing cutaneous lymphomas in patients with darker skin types.