Factors Influencing the Indeterminate Results in a T-SPOT.TB test: A Matched Case-control Study

by | Apr 3, 2023 | Publications

Intern Med. 2023 Mar 31. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.1006-22. Online ahead of print.


Objective A T-SPOT.TB can yield indeterminate results under two test observation conditions: a high response to the nil in negative control wells (high nil-control) or a low response to the mitogen in positive control wells (low mitogen-control). The most strongly influential factors for these indeterminate results, however, have yet to be identified. Methods From June 1, 2015, to June 30, 2021, we conducted a 1:1 matched case-control, retrospective study. Patients Patients who underwent a T-SPOT.TB test at Chiba University Hospital. Results The study included 5,956 participants. Indeterminate results were found in 63 participants (1.1%), including high nil-control in 37 and low mitogen-control in 26. Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) positivity was the only influencing factor associated with high nil-control (adjusted odds ratio=98.5, 95% confidence interval: 6.59-1480). Conclusion Regarding the indeterminate results, all HTLV-1 positive participants had a high nil response and no low mitogen response. It was suspected that abnormally produced interferon γ caused a nonspecific reaction to the negative control well, resulting in a high nil response. Low mitogen-control, conversely, did not appear to have any statistically significant influential factors.

PMID:37005270 | DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.1006-22

Other publications you may be interested in…

HTLV-1 Disease

HTLV-1 Disease

HTLV-1 Disease Abstract The years 2020 and 2021 will remain memorable years for many reasons [...]. Click here to...

read more