Flow cytometric profiles with CD7 and CADM1 in CD4+ T cells are promising indicator for prognosis of aggressive ATL

by | May 31, 2024 | Publications

Blood Adv. 2024 May 31:bloodadvances.2024013089. doi: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2024013089. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is a poor prognosis hematological malignancy originating from human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV)-1-infected CD4+ T cells. Flow cytometric plots of CADM1 and CD7 in CD4+ T cells are useful for separating HTLV-1-uninfected T cells and ATL cells. They are indicators of clonal evolution of HTLV-1 infected cells and disease progression of asymptomatic carriers or indolent ATL. However, the impacts of the plots on the clinical course or prognosis of ATL, especially in aggressive ATL, remain unclear. We focused on the N fraction (CD4+ CADM1+ CD7-) reflecting ATL cells and analyzed the flow cytometric profiles and clinical course of 497 samples from 92 HTLV-1-infected patients that were mainly aggressive ATL. The parameters based on N fractions showed significant correlations with known indicators of ATL disease status (sIL-2R, LDH, abnormal lymphocytes, etc.) and sensitively reflected the treatment response of aggressive ATL. The parameters based on N fractions significantly stratified the prognosis of aggressive ATL at four different time points: before treatment, after one course of chemotherapy, at the best response after chemotherapy, and before allo-HCT. Even after mogamulizumab administration, which shows potent effects for peripheral blood lesions, the N fraction was still a useful indicator for prognostic estimation. In summary, this report shows that CADM1 versus CD7 plots in CD4+ T cells are useful indicators of the clinical course and prognosis of aggressive ATL. Therefore, this CADM1 and CD7 profile is suggested to be a useful prognostic indicator consistently from HTLV-1 carriers to aggressive ATL.

PMID:38820467 | DOI:10.1182/bloodadvances.2024013089

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