J Mol Model. 2022 Oct 11;28(11):350. doi: 10.1007/s00894-022-05340-3.
Structural, optoelectronic, and biological properties of tetrahydroaltersolanol (C16H20O7) and fluorinated derivatives are calculated using density functional theory (DFT) and molecular docking approaches. It is shown that the pure C16H20O7 molecule has a direct HOMO-LUMO energy gap about 3.1 eV. The substitution of F atom at A category decreases the electronic energy gap, while it is constant at B category. In A category, the behavior of the pure molecule changed from insulator to semiconductor with various substitution of F atom. The electronic properties were depended on the F sites in the pure molecule. The molecular electrical transport properties and charge-transfer possibilities increase with decreasing energy gap. The pure C16H20O7 molecule with high energy gap has low chemical reactivity and substitution of F atom at considered molecule increases chemical reactivity. Obtained results show that F-O bonds in trifurcation bonds of C16H19O7(F14), C16H19O7(F16), and C16H19O7(F17) molecules play a key role in confronting with COVID-19, HIV, and HTLV proteases, respectively. Optical spectra, such as the dielectric functions, electron energy-loss spectroscopy, refractive index, extinction coefficient, and reflection spectra show that fluorinated derivatives of C16H20O7 at B category can be used in the new drugs.