Mol Biol Rep. 2023 Jul 22. doi: 10.1007/s11033-023-08626-8. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: In HTLV-1-associated malignant disease, adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (ATLL), the interaction of virus and host was evaluated at the chemokines gene expression level. Also, IL-1β and Caspase-1 expressions were evaluated to investigate the importance of pyroptosis in disease development and progression.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The expression of host CCR6 and CXCR-3 and the HTLV-1 proviral load (PVL), Tax, and HBZ were assessed in 17 HTLV-1 asymptomatic carriers (ACs) and 12 ATLL patients using the reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), TaqMan method. Moreover, RT-qPCR, SYBR Green assay were performed to measure Caspase-1 and IL-1β expression. HTLV-1-Tax did not express in 91.5% of the ATLLs, while HBZ was expressed in all ATLLs. The expression of CXCR3 dramatically decreased in ATLLs compared to ACs (p = 0.001). The expression of CCR6 was lower in ATLLs than ACs (p = 0.04). The mean of PVL in ATLL patients was statistically higher than ACs (p = 0.001). Furthermore, the expression of the IL-1β between ATLLs and ACs was not statistically significant (p = 0.4). In contrast, there was a meaningful difference between Caspase-1 in ATLLs and ACs (p = 0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicated that in the first stage of ATLL malignancy toward acute lymphomatous, CXCR3 and its progression phase may target the pyroptosis process. Mainly, HBZ expression could be a novel therapeutic target.