HTLV-1 Presenting as an Incidental Finding after a Cosmetic Procedure

by | Sep 29, 2023 | Publications

Skinmed. 2023 Sep 29;21(4):285-287. eCollection 2023.


A 44-year-old woman presented to a plastic surgeon for liposuction of the abdomen, back, and flanks, a gluteal fat transfer, and a vertical pattern breast lift and small reduction. The patient had a medical history of significantly well-controlled hypertension for 4 years treated with hydrochlorothiazide and amlodipine. She had been pregnant four times and delivered six children with two sets of twins. She was allergic to latex and denied a history of smoking. Her physical examination was unremarkable and her body mass index (BMI) was 26.1. No skin lesions were evident (Figure 1). Her preoperative laboratory findings were within normal limits, with unremarkable electrocardiogram (EKG), chest x-ray, and mammogram. The patient underwent a successful surgical procedure, and the excised breast tissue and skin were sent to pathology for routine evaluation. Surgery removed 220 g of breast tissue from the left breast and 45 g was excised from the right one. The histopathology depicted atypical T-cells in the epidermis and superficial dermis of both left and right breasts. Physical examination failed to evidence lymph-adenopathy or masses. The patient denied weight loss, night sweats, or fever; however, due to her Caribbean heritage, adult T-cell leukemia/ lymphoma was considered and submitted for further histologic workup.


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