Inhibitory effect of a neddylation blockade on HTLV-1-infected T cells via modulation of NF-kappaB, AP-1, and Akt signaling

by | Mar 15, 2024 | Publications

Leuk Lymphoma. 2024 Mar 15:1-11. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2024.2328219. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), caused by HTLV-1, is the most lethal hematological malignancy. NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) is a component of the NEDD8 conjunction pathway that regulates cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL) activity. HTLV-1-infected T cells expressed higher levels of NAE catalytic subunit UBA3 than normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. NAE1 knockdown inhibited proliferation of HTLV-1-infected T cells. The NAE1 inhibitor MLN4924 suppressed neddylation of cullin and inhibited the CRL-mediated turnover of tumor suppressor proteins. MLN4924 inhibited proliferation of HTLV-1-infected T cells by inducing DNA damage, leading to S phase arrest and caspase-dependent apoptosis. S phase arrest was associated with CDK2 and cyclin A downregulation. MLN4924-induced apoptosis was mediated by the upregulation of pro-apoptotic and downregulation of anti-apoptotic proteins. Furthermore, MLN4924 inhibited NF-κB, AP-1, and Akt signaling pathways and activated JNK. Therefore, neddylation inhibition is an attractive strategy for ATL therapy. Our findings support the use of MLN4924 in ATL clinical trials.

PMID:38489672 | DOI:10.1080/10428194.2024.2328219

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