MicroRNAs and long non-coding RNAs during transcriptional regulation and latency of HIV and HTLV

by | Mar 1, 2024 | Publications

Retrovirology. 2024 Feb 29;21(1):5. doi: 10.1186/s12977-024-00637-y.

ABSTRACT

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human T cell leukemia virus (HTLV) have replicative and latent stages of infection. The status of the viruses is dependent on the cells that harbour them and on different events that change the transcriptional and post-transcriptional events. Non-coding (nc)RNAs are key factors in the regulation of retrovirus replication cycles. Notably, micro (mi)RNAs and long non-coding (lnc)RNAs are important regulators that can induce switches between active transcription-replication and latency of retroviruses and have important impacts on their pathogenesis. Here, we review the functions of miRNAs and lncRNAs in the context of HIV and HTLV. We describe how specific miRNAs and lncRNAs are involved in the regulation of the viruses’ transcription, post-transcriptional regulation and latency. We further discuss treatment strategies using ncRNAs for HIV and HTLV long remission, reactivation or possible cure.

PMID:38424561 | DOI:10.1186/s12977-024-00637-y

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