Novel paired CD13-negative (MT-50.1) and CD13-positive (MT-50.4) HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines with differential regulatory T cell-like activity

by | Jun 1, 2024 | Publications

Sci Rep. 2024 May 31;14(1):12549. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-63494-x.


Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) occurs after human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) infection with a long latency period exceeding several decades. This implies the presence of immune evasion mechanisms for HTLV-1-infected T cells. Although ATL cells have a CD4+CD25+ phenotype similar to that of regulatory T cells (Tregs), they do not always possess the immunosuppressive functions of Tregs. Factors that impart effective immunosuppressive functions to HTLV-1-infected cells may exist. A previous study identified a new CD13+ Treg subpopulation with enhanced immunosuppressive activity. We, herein, describe the paired CD13- (designated as MT-50.1) and CD13+ (MT-50.4) HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines with Treg-like phenotype, derived from the peripheral blood of a single patient with lymphoma-type ATL. The cell lines were found to be derived from HTLV-1-infected non-leukemic cells. MT-50.4 cells secreted higher levels of immunosuppressive cytokines, IL-10 and TGF-β, expressed higher levels of Foxp3, and showed stronger suppression of CD4+CD25- T cell proliferation than MT-50.1 cells. Furthermore, the CD13 inhibitor bestatin significantly attenuated MT-50.4 cell growth, while it did not for MT-50.1 cells. These findings suggest that CD13 expression may be involved in the increased Treg-like activity of MT-50.4 cells. Hence, MT-50.4 cells will be useful for in-depth studies of CD13+Foxp3+ HTLV-1-infected cells.

PMID:38822041 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-024-63494-x

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