Viral Immunol. 2023 Feb 6. doi: 10.1089/vim.2022.0149. Online ahead of print.
Human T lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1) is a retrovirus associated with inflammatory diseases, including HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM), and host genetic factors may be involved in disease evolution. The forkhead Box P3 (FOXP3) transcription factor is linked to homeostasis of the immune system, and the presence of polymorphisms in the promoter region of the FOXP3 gene should reflect its expression levels and consequent activation of regulatory T cells, which may contribute to severe inflammatory disorders, such as HAM. This study evaluated the rs2232365 polymorphism (-924 A/G) located in the promoter region of the FOXP3 gene and its association with HAM. Forty DNA samples from asymptomatic carriers and 25 samples from HAM patients were used, in addition to 130 control samples. The polymorphism was genotyped by conducting real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (quantitative PCR [qPCR]) on extracted DNA. The proviral loads (PVLs) and CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocyte counts were determined by qPCR and FACSCalibur flow cytometry, respectively. The PVLs, CD4+ T lymphocyte concentrations, and tumor necrosis factor-α dosages were considered predictive factors of the clinical profiles of HTLV-1 infection, all of which had higher levels in the HAM group. Carriers of the GG genotype for the polymorphism rs2232365 had high PVLs and CD4+ T lymphocyte concentrations.
PMID:36745398 | DOI:10.1089/vim.2022.0149