BMC Res Notes. 2023 Jul 17;16(1):147. doi: 10.1186/s13104-023-06423-x.
OBJECTIVES: Human lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the cause of two major diseases, ATLL and HAM/TSP in a percentage of carriers. Despite progress in understanding the pathogenesis of these two diseases, the exact pathogenesis mechanism is still not well understood. High-throughput technologies have revolutionized medical research. This study aims to investigate the mechanism of pathogenesis of these two diseases using the results of high-throughput analysis of microarray datasets.
RESULTS: A total of 100 differentially expressed genes were found between ATLL and HAM/TSP. After constructing protein-protein network and further analyzing, proteins including ATM, CD8, CXCR4, PIK3R1 and CD2 were found as the hub ones between ATLL and HAM/TSP. Finding the modules of the subnetwork revealed the enrichment of two common pathways including FOXO signaling pathway and Cell cycle with two common genes including ATM and CDKN2D. Unlike ATLL, ATM gene had higher expressions in HAM/TSP patients. The expression of CDKN2D was increased in ATLL patients. The results of this study could be helpful for understanding the pathogenic mechanism of these two diseases in the same signaling pathways.