YAP suppresses human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 transcription

by | Sep 4, 2023 | Publications

J Med Virol. 2023 Sep;95(9):e29065. doi: 10.1002/jmv.29065.


Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is an oncogenic retrovirus that causes adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). HTLV-1 encodes Tax protein that activates transcription from viral long terminal repeats (LTR). Multiple cofactors are involved in the regulation of HTLV-1 transcription via association with Tax. Yes-associated protein (YAP), which is the key effector of Hippo pathway, is elevated and activated in ATL cells. In this study, we reported that YAP protein suppressed Tax activation of HTLV-1 5′ LTR but not 3′ LTR. The activation of the 5′ LTR by Tax was potentiated when YAP was depleted. Moreover, overexpression of YAP repressed HTLV-1 plus-strand viral gene expression and virion production, whereas compromising YAP by RNA inference augmented the expression of HTLV-1 protein. As mechanisms of YAP-mediated viral transcription inhibition, we found that YAP interacted with Tax, and prevented the association between Tax and p300. It finally led to the inhibition of recruitment of Tax to the Tax-responsive element in the 5′ LTR of HTLV-1. Taken together, our results demonstrate the negative regulatory function of YAP in Tax activation of HTLV-1 transcription. It may achieve sufficient transcriptional repression to maintain persistent infection and long-term latency of HTLV-1 in the host cells.

PMID:37661566 | DOI:10.1002/jmv.29065

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